Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the United States and the rate of new cancers is much higher in African-American men. Although prostate cancer is relatively common, it often grows so slowly that it is unlikely to cause health problems during a man's lifetime.
There are two tests commonly used to screen for prostate cancer:
Prostate-Specific Antigen Blood Test: Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) is a substance made by cells in the prostate gland (both normal cells and cancer cells). A simple blood test can detect PSA levels for screening.
Digital Rectal Exam: For a Digital Rectal Exam (DRE), the doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum to check for any bumps or hard areas on the prostate that might be cancer.
You should speak with your doctor and make an informed decision about the screening process.